It is a truth universally acknowledged that you never get around to visiting places on your own doorstep. I have been meaning to go to Charleston, home of Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant, for years, but have somehow never managed to find the time. Happily, Easter holidays and willing travelling companions combined to finally make my dream a reality last week, when Miranda, Donna and I went on a lovely jolly to Bloomsbury country. We arranged to meet in Lewes, and so I drove down alone through the beautiful Ashdown Forest, snowflakes floating gently from the freezing sky. At my first glimpse of the Sussex Downs, I gasped out loud. This quietly dramatic scenery is breathtaking; in the white light of a snow heavy sky, the bleached grey-green of the landscape gave the soft rise and fall of the undulating hills a dreamlike quality. No wonder so many of our greatest artists have flocked here for inspiration.

lewes war memorial

Lewes is nestled in the folds of the Downs and surrounded by chalk cliffs. It is a lovely example of an historic town, with a long high street made up of a variety of beautiful period buildings, many of which are independent shops resisting the ceaseless march of the chain store; a ruined castle; a medieval church; a striking war memorial; a river; a brewery; and mazes of cobbled streets filled with exciting discoveries to be made on days when the temperature is not sub zero. Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell knew Lewes well; they came regularly to do their shopping, and no doubt used the train station when travelling down from London for weekends. I don’t think it can have changed much since they first arrived in 1916, though they certainly wouldn’t have been able to have a delicious lunch at Bill’s, or buy vintage Malory Towers books at The Fifteenth Century Bookshop, like we did.


After we had explored Lewes as much as we possibly could without freezing to death, we decided to head off to Charleston. The house is situated in open countryside about a ten minute drive from Lewes; on a sunny day, you could walk   there through the fields in an hour or so. The location is idyllic; the Downs rise in every direction, sheep potter in the surrounding fields and the peace is tangible. The house itself blends seamlessly into the landscape; its mellow ochres and greys are timelessly beautiful. Outside the front door is a willow fringed pond; to the side is a flint walled garden; to the back there is nothing but open countryside as far as the eye can see. It is perfect.

charleston pond

Inside, where no pictures are allowed, all is as if everyone had just downed tools and wandered out for an afternoon stroll. The walls and fireplaces are decorated in vibrant colours by Bell and Grant’s own hand; their books, paintings, ornaments and crockery are strewn throughout every room and the bright and beautiful designs of the Omega Workshop are prominently displayed. While this all makes it seem like a museum, or perhaps even a shrine, somehow it is not. It still feels lived in; it is positively saturated with life. Every room is a piece of art in its own right, but not self consciously so; this house was designed for pleasure, not pretention, and this is made clear by the often spartan furniture. Goodness knows how so much bed hopping happened when all of the beds are barely two foot wide!

view from charleston

My favourite room had to be the studio; added on by Bell and Grant and built to a design by Roger Fry, it is double height with a gorgeous glass roof and is absolutely flooded with light. Bell and Grant used to paint in here together, and again, it was just as if they had put their paintbrushes down and gone into the garden for some fresh air. There is a converted gramophone case containing a radio in one corner, next to drying racks filled with canvases. A huge Russian Samovar style stove sits in a fireplace, with shabby armchairs either side. Shelves of art books line one wall; paintings, busts and general ephemera lie scattered everywhere. It is a space that oozes creativity; if I had a studio like this, where I could watch the weather roll across the sky, I feel I too could create a masterpiece.


On a glorious day in summer, with the garden in bloom, the surrounding countryside glowingly green and golden, and the sunlight chasing across the Downs, Charleston would come close to Paradise. Unfortunately, we were not visiting in such conditions; the biting wind and driving sleet sent us running for cover after our tour. However, we’ve all joined as Friends, and will be going back for the Charleston Festival in May. Hopefully we’ll get a glimpse of that Paradise next time, and will be able to romp across the Downs to Virginia Woolf’s cottage in nearby Rodmell, and have a picnic on our way. I can’t wait!


  1. Not fair, I want to go there too! And to Rodmell! My one consolation is that I have Quentin Bell and Virginia Nicholson’s book on Charleston, WITH photos of the inside of the house 🙂

  2. Dear Rachel, thank you for this wonderfully evocative description that brings to mind my happy meanderings around the South Downs and 1066 country and Bloomsbury country when I taught for a year in East Sussex in the late 1990s. I loved Charleston, and even the icy weather conditions you describe make the Downs seem particularly appealing. Walking around the Beachy Head spot or further west near the Seven Sisters Country Park is also stunning. I am sure you will like Rodmell, and to round off your Bloomsbury “pilgrimage” you must get to Sissinghurst and Vita Sackville-West’s garden there (just over the countyl ine in Kent). When I was there Nigel Nicolson was still living there in a cottage and likely to be spotted sitting on a bench reading (he died in 2004). In past times of glory, Edward I and Elizabeth were both guests at the manor house. (which reminds me, you probably did not have time to visit the House of Anne of Cleves in Lewes? (thanks for the tip re the Fifteenth Century Bookshop! I don’t recall it being there in the late 1990s)

    1. Hi Monica, I’m delighted to have brought back happy memories for you! We did go to Monk’s House – that’s for another post! – which we loved, and I live near Sissinghurst and visited last summer – I agree it is wonderful. I didn’t have time to visit Anne of Cleves house but next time I shall have to take a look! Thank you for your suggestions – so pleased to have given you a walk down memory lane! 🙂

  3. It was such a fun trip, and we seemed to cram so much into a short time! So looking forward to going back – tramp with picnic one of those charming ideas that in reality might be More Trouble Than It’s Worth? We’d have to lug that F&M basket, picnic rug, champagne and glasses, smoked salmon and raspberries and cream with us to really do setting justice! Can you order picnic baskets at Charleston Lit Fest? We’ll have to investigate 🙂 xx

    1. Ah, what you need then is a butler in full sub fusc to provide the accoutrements, like the picnickers at Glyndebourne!

    2. I must have been in summer because I remember having a picnic there and going home with a bunch of lovely sweetpeas.

    3. Hehehe – I think perhaps we could stretch to a butler for the day? 😉 If not I’m sure we’ll find a suitable establishment for a lovely lunch! Can’t wait to do it all again! 🙂 xx

  4. We went there on one of the last days of June last year, with friends from Lewes. As we came only an hour before closing we had the garden all to ourselves (shared with a timid and graceful greyhound, very much in style with the house, and belonging to it, i suppose) – a glorious visit. When you go there next time, try to include a visit to Berwick Church nearby – very pastoral, and with interesting frescos by Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant.

  5. What a lovely day out! I visited Charleston many moons ago in the 1980s on a sunny day and it was atmospheric and enchanting – it felt as if Vanessa and Virginia had just popped out for a moment. The bookshop sounds lovely, and well done on the vintage Malory Towers!

    1. Yes, so atmospheric, isn’t it? So glad you’ve had a chance to visit. Thanks – that bookshop was very dangerous and I could have bought much more than I did!

  6. If it was so good in our current Baltic weather, it will be the perfect location to enjoy a perfect English summers day. We can live in hope! So glad you had a lovely time.

    1. Knowing my luck it will be pouring in May – but I live in hope too! Thank you – it really was such a special experience to see a place I have wanted to visit for so long.

    1. Thanks – I did some editing, and thought ‘Miranda will be proud of me’ 😉 I had such a lovely time – can’t wait to go again and have a proper tramp! xx

  7. Charleston and Rodmell are two of the best places I have ever visited and your blog made me so happy. I remembered my visits and that brings me such joy

  8. These photos are breathtaking! I hope to visit Charleston myself in the near future. Thanks for sharing the details with us.

  9. Any place that makes you gasp out loud when you first see it is worth adding to my list of ‘must see’ places, Rachel! And what lovely travelling companions. Looking forward to your post about the May trip out.

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